Stainer bio from Wikipedia:
Stainer was born in Southwark, London, on 6 June 1840. As a boy, he sang in the choir of St Paul’s Cathedral (a house in the cathedral’s present choir school is named after him). At the age of 16, he was appointed by Sir Frederick Ouseley to the post of organist at the newly founded St. Michael’s College, Tenbury. Because of a childhood accident, Stainer had lost the use of one eye; for a brief period in 1875 he lost that of the other too.
In 1860 he became organist at Magdalen College, Oxford, moving to St Paul’s Cathedral in 1872. Thirteen years afterwards, he was awarded an honorary degree by Durham University; and he became professor of music at Oxford University in 1889. He conducted pioneering research into early music, notably the output of Guillaume Dufay, then scarcely known even among experts. He also contributed a small treatise,Harmony, and another, Composition, to the famous series of Novello musical primers. For budding organists he wrote a primer called, simply, The Organ, which continues to have a following. In recognition of his services to British music-making, he received a knighthood from Queen Victoria in 1888.
While on an Italian vacation, Stainer died in Verona of heart failure on 31 March 1901, at the age of 60. His funeral was held on 6 April at St Cross Church, Holywell, Oxford, and the surrounding streets were filled with mourners.
John Goss bio:
John Goss was an English composer, chiefly of English cathedral music and hymnody. His position in the London musical world was an influential one as a teacher, writer, composer and critic.
He was born December 27, 1800, Fareham, Hampshire, England.
He was elected a chorister of the Chapel Royal in 1811 where he studied with John Stafford Smith. In 1816, on the breaking of his voice, he began studying composition under Thomas Attwood (or Atwood), organist of St. Paul’s Cathedral in London.
A few early compositions exist which were published before 1825 – some for the theatre and some glees, including his well-regarded, five-part glee “Ossians Hymn to the Sun.”
In 1824, Goss was appointed organist of St Luke’s, Chelsea, succeeding Lyte who had been appointed to a curate in Lower Brixham.
Upon the death of Attwood in 1838, Goss became organist of St Paul’s Cathedral and he wrote many of his anthems and hymn-tunes for special services in the Cathedral. He kept the post until 1872, when he resigned and was knighted by Queen Victoria.
While at St. Luke’s and St. Paul’s, Goss was also Professor of Harmony at the Royal Academy of Music. He held that post for 47 years.
In 1876, Cambridge University awarded him a Doctor of Music degree.
His church music includes some fine compositions, such as the anthems “O Taste And See” and “O Saviour Of The World.” Several of his Psalms are still used, including Psalms 89, 91, 127 and 128. In “The Hymnal 1982” his Lauda anima was used as the setting for the hymn “Praise, My Soul, The King of Heaven” (#410).